ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSACTIONS ACT 25 OF 2002

 
ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSACTIONS ACT 25 OF 2002:
PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION UNDER THIS ACT

Relevant definitions

''data controller'' means any person who electronically requests, collects, collates, processes or stores personal information from or in respect of a data subject;

''data subject'' means any natural person from or in respect of whom personal information has been requested, collected, collated, processed or stored, after the commencement of this Act;

''personal information'' means information about an identifiable individual, including, but not limited to-

(a) information relating to the race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, national, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, physical or mental health, well-being, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth of the individual;

(b) information relating to the education or the medical, criminal or employment history of the individual or information relating to financial transactions in which the individual has been involved;

(c) any identifying number, symbol, or other particular assigned to the individual;

(d) the address, fingerprints or blood type of the individual;

(e) the personal opinions, views or preferences of the individual, except where they are about another individual or about a proposal for a grant, an award or a prize to be made to another individual;

(f) correspondence sent by the individual that is implicitly or explicitly of a private or confidential nature or further correspondence that would reveal the contents of the original correspondence;

(g) the views or opinions of another individual about the individual;

(h) the views or opinions of another individual about a proposal for a grant, an award or a prize to be made to the individual, but excluding the name of the other individual where it appears with the views or opinions of the other individual; and

(i) the name of the individual where it appears with other personal information relating to the individual or where the disclosure of the name itself would reveal information about the individual, but excludes information about an individual who has been dead for more than 20 years;


CHAPTER VIII

PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION

Scope of protection of personal information
50. (1) This Chapter only applies to personal information that has been obtained through electronic transactions.

(2) A data controller may voluntarily subscribe to the principles outlined in section 51 by recording such fact in any agreement with a data subject.

(3) A data controller must subscribe to all the principles outlined in section 51 and not merely to parts thereof.

(4) The rights and obligations of the parties in respect of the breach of the principles outlined in section 51 are governed by the terms of any agreement between them.

Principles for electronically collecting personal information
51. (1) A data controller must have the express written permission of the data subject for the collection, collation, processing or disclosure of any personal information on that data subject unless he or she is permitted or required to do so by law.

(2) A data controller may not electronically request, collect, collate, process or store personal information on a data subject which is not necessary for the lawful purpose for which the personal information is required.

(3) The data controller must disclose in writing to the data subject the specific purpose for which any personal information is being requested, collected, collated, processed or stored.

(4) The data controller may not use the personal information for any other purpose than the disclosed purpose without the express written permission of the data subject, unless he or she is permitted or required to do so by law.

(5) The data controller must, for as long as the personal information is used and for a period of at least one year thereafter, keep a record of the personal information and the specific purpose for which the personal information was collected.

(6) A data controller may not disclose any of the personal information held by it to a third party, unless required or permitted by law or specifically authorized to do so in writing by the data subject.

(7) The data controller must, for as long as the personal information is used and for a period of at least one year thereafter, keep a record of any third party to whom the personal information was disclosed and of the date on which and the purpose for which it was disclosed.

(8) The data controller must delete or destroy all personal information which has become obsolete.

(9) A party controlling personal information may use that personal information to compile profiles for statistical purposes and may freely trade with such profiles and statistical data, as long as the profiles or statistical data cannot be linked to any specific data subject by a third party.
 

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